Jabiru is the major town in the Kakadu and West Arnhem region. It was founded in 1982 and along with the mineral leases is a major excision of Mirarr land. A Native Title application was lodged over the town of Jabiru by Mirarr which is now the longest running unresolved Native Title case since the inception of the Act.

Jabiru is located eight kilometres from the Ranger Uranium mine and covers 13 square kilometres. It was established as a closed town exclusively for employees and those associated with the mine.  The town comprises houses, businesses and government agencies, service, tourism, retail and recreation facilities. A plaza and artificial lake as notable features. The present population is about 1200 people. In 2008 the Jabiru Town Council was absorbed in the newly created West Arnhem Shire Council (covering just under 50,000 square km with a population of approximately 7,000 people). Jabiru is thus the commercial and local government centre for the region.

The town is owned under freehold title by the Commonwealth Director of National Parks and Wildlife. A headlease has been issued to the Jabiru Town Development Authority and subleases have been issued to businesses agencies and ERA. The headlease expires in 2021.